The labour market situation of disabled persons

Economic activity indices of disabled persons are very bad, and these people seem to be severely underrepresented in the labour market. 185 thousand of the 797 thousand disabled persons aged 15–64 were economically active in the second quarter of 2011, with 139 thousand of them being employed and 46 thousand unemployed. Their activity rate was 24.1%, while that of persons without limitations was 67.8%. Their employment rate was 18.1% and their unemployment rate was 24.9% as opposed to 60.8% and 10.2 % of the healthy population, respectively. At the same time, however, as disability is typical for those aged 45 or older, it is not surprising that the breakdown by age is very different from that of persons without limitations in all activity groups. On the whole, the employment rate of disabled persons is low. What was found, however, was that young disabled people are active job seekers and have a stronger will to (re)enter the labour market, thus are more likely to become unemployed; older people, however, tend to be realistic about their chances and having failed to fi nd a job they give up seeking and accept to be out of the labour market, which often means the fi nal and irreversible exclusion from the world of work. A higher educational level does not seem to signifi cantly improve the very low, 18.1 % employment rate of disabled persons aged 15–64. The employment rate of disabled persons is much lower than that of the healthy population at all educational levels: the 31.0% employment rate of those with higher education, the best in the labour market, is hardly higher than the employment rate of the healthy population with not more than primary education (29.2%)

These data are from the summary prepared by the Central Statistical Office after the last census. The full material can be reached here.